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What is Diabetic Gastroparesis?

Diabetic gastroparesis is a condition that affects the movement of food and liquid from your stomach into your small intestine.

Person with normal-functioning stomach

  1. 1.
    Teal icon with white number one in the center

    Food gets digested in the stomach and is broken down into small pieces

  2. Teal icon with white number two in the center

    The stomach empties food and pills into the small intestine on a regular basis

  3. Teal icon with white number three in the center

    The small intestine absorbs nutrients from food and medications, so the body can use them

Person with diabetic gastroparesis

  1. Teal icon with white number one in the center

    Food gets digested in the stomach and is broken down into small pieces

  2. Teal icon with white number two in the center

    The stomach can take a long time to empty into the small intestine (this is called “delayed stomach emptying”). Delayed stomach emptying can cause food and pills to build up in the stomach

  3. Teal icon with white number three in the center

    This means it may take longer for food and pills to get absorbed into the body, possibly keeping these unabsorbed pills from working

Struggling with symptoms of diabetic gastroparesis? We can help you prepare to discuss options with your doctor.

Living with diabetic gastroparesis and diabetes

Video thumbnail of a diabetic gastroparesis patient
…Once I started having symptoms, I wasn't able to work anymore 'cause I couldn't hold down a job, 'cause I spent more time in the bathroom, or sick, or in the hospital. It got to the point I wasn't able to cook, clean, do nothing for myself.”
– Kawanis, actual GIMOTI patient
†Kawanis is a paid spokesperson for EVOKE PHARMA®. Individual results may vary.

Common symptoms of diabetic gastroparesis include1:

  • Icon of person feeling nauseated
  • Icon of person vomiting
  • Icon of person with bloated stomach
  • Icon of person with stomach pain
    Stomach pain
  • Icon of place setting with food
    Early satiety
    (feeling full quickly after eating a small amount)

Hospitalization for people with symptoms

Those experiencing symptoms were admitted to the hospital an average of 4X per year, often due to nausea, vomiting, and dehydration.2

Talk to your doctor

Icon of doctor

If you have diabetic gastroparesis and still experience symptoms after changing your diet and/or taking medicine, talk to your doctor about whether your symptom management plan needs to be adjusted. Make sure to tell your doctor:

  • How often you experience each symptom
  • The severity of each symptom
  • If the symptom affects your daily life or your ability to do activities

Track your symptoms

Track your symptoms PDF download

Get a discussion guide to help start the conversation on diabetic gastroparesis with your doctor.


Diabetic gastroparesis symptoms can be unpredictable and debilitating.

On DGP-n-Me, you can learn more about healthy living, managing symptoms, and more.

References: 1. Camilleri M, Parkman HP, Shafi MA, Abell TL, Gerson L. Clinical guideline: management of gastroparesis. Am J Gastroenterol. 2013;108(1):18-37. 2. Parkman HP, Yates K, Hasler WL, et al. Similarities and differences between diabetic and idiopathic gastroparesis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2011;9(12):1056-1064.

*Patients are not eligible for copay assistance if they are enrolled in any state or federally funded healthcare programs, such as Medicare and Medicaid, or where prohibited by law. Certain eligibility criteria apply; for Terms and Conditions, please call 844-244-6684.


What is Gimoti® (metoclopramide) nasal spray?

GIMOTI is a prescription medicine used 30 minutes before meals and at bedtime for 2 to 8 weeks to relieve symptoms of slow stomach emptying in adults with diabetes. Avoid treatment with metoclopramide (all dosage forms and routes of administration) for longer than 12 weeks.

GIMOTI is not recommended for use in children under age 18.

Important facts about GIMOTI

This is a summary of important information you need to know about GIMOTI. This information does not take the place of talking with your healthcare professional about your medical condition or your treatment.

What is the most important information I should know about GIMOTI?

GIMOTI can cause serious side effects, including: TARDIVE DYSKINESIA: Abnormal muscle movements, mostly of the face or tongue muscles. You cannot control these movements, and they may not go away even after stopping GIMOTI. Your chances of getting tardive dyskinesia increase

  • The longer you take metoclopramide and the more metoclopramide you take. You should not take GIMOTI for more than 8 weeks at a time, and you should not take products containing metoclopramide (including GIMOTI) for more than 12 weeks at a time.
  • If you are older, especially if you are an older woman (e.g., age 65 years and older)
  • If you have diabetes

Call your healthcare professional right away if you get movements you cannot stop or control, such as lip smacking, chewing, or puckering up your mouth; frowning or scowling; sticking out your tongue; blinking and moving your eyes; shaking of your arms and legs.

Do not use GIMOTI if you
  • Have a history of tardive dyskinesia or have a problem controlling your muscles and movements after taking GIMOTI or a medicine that works like GIMOTI
  • Have stomach or intestinal problems that could get worse with GIMOTI, such as bleeding, blockage, or a tear in the stomach or bowel wall
  • Have a type of tumor that can cause high blood pressure, such as pheochromocytoma
  • Have epilepsy (seizures)
  • Are allergic to metoclopramide. Stop taking GIMOTI right away and get emergency help if you have any of these symptoms:
    • swelling of your tongue, throat, lips, eyes, or face
    • trouble swallowing or breathing
    • skin rash, hives, sores in your mouth, or skin blisters

Before starting GIMOTI, tell your healthcare professional about all your medical conditions, especially if you have

  • Problems controlling your muscle movements after taking any medicine
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Kidney or liver disease
  • Depression or mental illness
  • High blood pressure

Also tell your healthcare professional if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed, or drink alcohol.

Tell your healthcare professional about all the medicines you take, including prescription drugs and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

Speak with your healthcare professional before you start or stop any other medicines.

Especially tell your healthcare professional if you take
  • Another medicine that contains metoclopramide, such as REGLAN® tablets
  • Medicine for Parkinson’s disease
  • Blood pressure medicine
  • Medicine for depression, especially a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI)
  • Antipsychotic medicine used to treat mental illness, such as schizophrenia
  • Insulin
  • Medicines that can make you sleepy, such as anxiety medicines, sleep medicines, and narcotics
What should I avoid while taking GIMOTI?
  • Do not drink alcohol while taking GIMOTI
  • GIMOTI may cause sleepiness or dizziness. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do potentially dangerous activities until you know how GIMOTI affects you
What are other possible side effects of GIMOTI?
  • Other changes in muscle control and movement, such as:
    • uncontrolled spasms of your face and neck muscles, or muscles of your body, arms, and legs (dystonia)
    • parkinsonism – slight shaking, body stiffness, and trouble moving or keeping your balance
    • being unable to sit still or feeling that you need to move your hands, feet, or body (akathisia)
  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS) – a very rare but very serious condition. NMS can lead to death and must be treated in a hospital
  • Depression, thoughts about suicide, and suicide
  • High blood pressure
  • Too much body water
  • Increased prolactin
Call your healthcare professional and get medical help right away if you
  • Feel depressed or have thoughts about hurting or killing yourself
  • Have high fever, stiff muscles, problems thinking, very fast or uneven heartbeat, and/or increased sweating
  • Have muscle movements that you cannot stop or control
  • Have muscle movements that are new or unusual
The most common side effects of GIMOTI include
  • Unpleasant taste after dosing
  • Headache
  • Tiredness

These are not all the possible side effects of GIMOTI. Ask your healthcare professional for medical advice about side effects.

You may report side effects related to Evoke Pharma products by calling 1-833-4-GIMOTI (1-833-444-6684) or emailing If you prefer to report these to the FDA, either visit or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

This information should not take the place of you talking with your doctor or healthcare professional. If you have any questions about your condition, or if you would like more information about GIMOTI, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. Only you and your healthcare professional can decide if GIMOTI is right for you.

Please see complete Prescribing Information, including Boxed Warning, Medication Guide, and Instructions for Use.

Gimoti® is a registered trademark of EVOKE PHARMA®. © 2022 EVOKE PHARMA®. All rights reserved. EVO-GIM-00491 / 08/2022
vitaCare Prescription Services is a servicemark of TherapeuticsMD, Inc.
vitaCare Prescription Services is wholly owned and operated by TherapeuticsMD, Inc.
Questions about GIMOTI? Call 1-833-4-GIMOTI (1-833-444-6684)